The start of the new decade has already been pretty eventful, with some world-changing events occurring in the first month itself.
In fact, most events in 2020 have made the world concerned, like the tensions between Iran and the USA, the impeachment of Donald Trump, Australian bushfire, and now the tragic death of 26 people (as of 24th January 2020) caused by the deadly Coronavirus.
The virus started spreading from the end of 2019 and started claiming lives in early 2020. The virus is believed to have originated in China, and from there has spread to many parts of the world.
Where Did The Virus Originate And How Did It Start Affecting Humans?
Most officials and scientists believe that the disease originated from Wuhan (capital of the Hubei province), China. Initially, reports showed that the virus popped up in people after they visited the seafood market.
Researchers found that the strain of this virus affecting humans called 2019-nCoV was similar to that found in snakes.
The virus changed one of its viral proteins in the 2019-nCoV virus from its other strains allows it to enter human hosts. According to online sources, this change is critical for the virus to enter the host.
How Does The Disease Spread, And How Fast Is The Disease Spreading? Can It Cause An Epidemic?
The disease has made its way to various parts of the world, and there have been fatal cases reported even in the USA.
As the disease is spread through the air, personal contact, viral particles, and human waste matter contamination, there is a high risk of it spreading rapidly through all the world.
There are already more than 500 confirmed cases in the world, but victims of the disease might most likely be in the thousands.
What Are The Stages, Symptoms, And Severity Of The Disease? What Parts Of The Body Does It Affect?
The virus affects the respiratory system, and the illness causes symptoms similar to a common cold. The main symptoms of contracting the disease are runny nose, headache, cough, sore throat, fever, and discomfort in the whole body.
The disease, if it reaches more chronic stages, can cause pneumonia and even death. The virus can also cause kidney failure and even in more severe cases of death.
While the period from where the disease starts to show symptoms is still unknown, some researchers believe that it takes from 10 to 14 days.
What Steps Are Being Taken To Stop It From Spreading?
Contrary to the SARS epidemic, the Chinese government has been open about the deaths of the people from the disease. They have also effectively sealed the city of Wuhan. Similarly, 9 other cities in China were shut off and banned from using public transport.
The UK and Italy have also said that they will use advanced monitoring and screening techniques to stop the disease spreading from Wuhan. In a similar fashion, some US airports have also begun the screening process.
Does This Affect The Whole World And How Big Of An Emergency Is It?
According to the WHO, the disease does not yet classify as a global epidemic or emergency. It has also advised China to keep its shutdown of the 20 million people in the various cities short.
The WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has stated that:
"This is an emergency in China, but it has not yet become a global health emergency,".
While it may not be a global emergency, yet, it is better to be on the safe side and prevent the disease rather than find a cure.